Tammany Hall: Through The Years

Read More
Tammany_Hall_LC-USZ62-101734(1)

It was funded by political patronages in Manhattan by the victory of a man named Fernando Wood in the year 1854 and it used party funds in order to raise a generations of leaders who were loyal to the cause and in turn these people were very well rewarded. Majority of the people who joined the party then on were of Irish descent 1850 and later.

They formed the central powerhouse for all the affairs and for all the parties around it specially aiding and helping parties who were democratic or republican. The party was rapidly gaining popularity and power and in no time it ended up expanding its stronghold by 1854 to different parts of the state. One of the main reasons for its emergence as a powerhouse would be the loyalty and support it got from the people. Most of them being immigrants they were businessmen and from the word go the party had always supported and blossomed their business and experience.

The commercial community valued its willingness art moderate charge, to pass over the confusing bureaucracy and judicial webs to expedite rapid economic development. Tammany Hall played the role of a vote collector from 1786-1938 they were considered a small political unit but actually were the base of the political power in the state (source: MaidMarines).

In 1872 Tammany was having a “boss” who was Irish Catholic and in the year 1928 the Governor of New York of that time Al Smith had the majority to win the presidential elections. He was lauded as a Tammany hero. By the late 19th century, Tammany was busy constructing local clubs, which fascinated social activists and interested those who were from the core of the ethnic middle-class. The mechanism had quite an advantage in quiet times, which was of a fundamental centre of rock-hard supporters and generally implemented regulation of politics. Even the policymaking in the state of Manhattan was controlled.

The Tammany leader in the Bowery was “Big Tim” Sullivan and was also the machines spokesman in state legislature. The new appearance ricocheted assaults and constructed up a big following among the various ethnic people belonging to the middle-class in society. In this entire course, Robert F. Wagner had become an influential Senator, Al Smith was finally the presidential candidate from the Democratic party in 1928 after he had served several terms as governor of the state.

The influence of Tammany Hall diminished from 1930 to1945, when it had engaged itself in a trailing battle, which was with Franklin D. Roosevelt who was the governor of the state from 1928 to 1993, and was the president from 1933 to 1945. Jimmy Walker in 1932 was required to resign from the office at the time his bribery was uncovered. Tammany was then stripped of any federal patronage by Roosevelt.

Who Was Fernando Wood?

Fernando Wood was considered an intriguing figure in the politic scene in New York City during the mid-part of the 19th century. Considered a self-made success in the business world, Wood used the independence he found thanks to wealth to pursue a role in politics. This was something Wood pursued for approximately three decades.

Originally born on June 14th in 1812 in the city of Philadelphia, Wood had a rather unimpressive beginning. He failed at two business ventures prior to eventually succeeding with a shipping venture. During the California gold rush of 1849, Wood earned quite a bit of money that he decided to invest in real estate in New York and San Francisco. This is what gave him the funds necessary to engage in various political roles and ventures for the remainder of his life.

In 1836, Wood became a member of Tammany Hall and quickly gained a rather important role. He entered into Congress in 1841, but only for a single term. After he ran, but was unsuccessful for the mayor’s seat in 1850, he was finally elected in 1854 and then reelected in 1856. The administration that served under Wood had a rather mixed and diverse record with the protection offered by Central Park from issues with commercialism as a positive, but widespread inefficiency and corruption, too. Finally defeated in 1857, Wood was expelled from Tammany; however, he responded by creating Mozart Hall. This came with support from a range of different interests, from the labor and business realm. Later, in 1859 he had returned to the office of the mayor and resumed his position.

With the Civil War looming, Wood worked to represent the businessmen in New York City with a number of investments in the South. He wanted to accommodate the demands of the Southern states and even took an active role in the Democratic National Convention in 1860 with a pro-Southern stance. In 1861, on January 6th, during the interregnum of Lincoln’s election and his inauguration, Wood decided to make the proposition that NYC should secede from the state and become established as a “free port.”

This was not a proposal that was acted upon. At the time that Fort Sumter was bombarded Wood decided to throw support to the Union for a short period of time. After being defeated for reelection in 1861 it brought him back to the natural position of being opposed and he and Clement L. Vallandigham created the Peace Democrats in 1863. He also served for one term in Congress but was quickly defeated during the election in 1864. He then made a reappearance back in Congress the following election year and this is where Wood served until he passed away in 1881 on February 14th.

There is no question that Fernando Wood is a rather impressive example of someone who would never accept defeat. Even after failing in business and being beat in elections, he achieved a number of great roles in is life time.

Tammany Hall: The Beginning

The society of Saint Tammany, the Columbian order or the sons of Saint Tammany are all popular names used for Tammany hall. It was a political organization in New York, and was established in 1786. The Tammany society was formed or incorporated on 12th of may 1789. New York city was basically controlled by this powerful democratic party and it ran the affairs of the place. It also helped run actually had a major say in the state affairs of the place and it was notably seen that it helped immigrants come to America and try to make it big.

From among the various immigrants that came Irish people dominated the number that moved to America at that time. Not just that the party could paid special attention to include the Irish immigrants to join the party and to have their say in running New York basically as the party was the dominant force at the time. This seen the rise of Irish people in the political affairs of New York all between the time frame of 1890-1960.